N. Enkhbayar as a guarantee of unity August 18, 2010
I am going to praise the third President of Mongolia N. Enkhbayar (let him rejoice, the poor thing!). It is indeed true that it is difficult to imagine Mongols reaching present achievements without him.
In his time, in 1997-2009, the office he held at the time became the most important office in the country. At first, when he was the leader of the MPRP group in the Great Hural, it was the opposition that made the biggest decisions. The opposition took the side of the loser in the battle between groups within the ruling Democratic Party and coalition and assisted them until they won. Then it egged the losers again and so on. Not many heroes had such an opportunity to taunt their opponents and rejoice to their heart’s content at their troubles, slinging mud at them.
Then, following his successive places of work, the Prime Minister, the Parliament Speaker, the President office in turn were turning into “the heads of state”. As some “slanderers” reported, in 1997 decisions on the biggest tenders were made at the MPRP group meetings and then since 2000 the permission of the Prime Minister became vital.
Since 2004 this situation has changed a little and the power shifted to the National Security Council.
Enhbayar proved that with a right method, one can rule the state from any official position, by staying in power for eleven years, almost a full 12-year cycle by the oriental calendar, if one adds one year as in counting the traditional age. While an opportunity to do business on a global scale regardless of geographical factors is viewed as “the earth becoming flat as a result of globalization”, this fact that proves an opportunity to rule the state regardless of one’s position might be called, perhaps, “flattening of the state due to Enhbayar”?
The founder of the national “flat state” left quite a heritage to our politics. He is called the godfather of corruption along with other names. Well, he might have paved the road for corruption, but on the soil like ours corruption would have flourished anyway, with or without Enhbayar.
There are, certainly, some good deeds as well. The land was privatized and went into circulation, the Great debt was mysteriously annulled etc. Though he ruined everything by praising himself all the time. He just overlooked the trivial fact that it is better when someone else admires his deeds rather than he himself boasts about them.
In the years of his rule the Mongolian national mentality changed to the point when during election those “who called someone a mongrel” failed, while previously those “who were called mongrels” failed. And he had to step down just because he did not take into account this change.
But I do not wish to talk about all this here. It seems that the biggest inheritance left behind by the national leader Enhbayar (let him relish, the poor dear!) is the national unity. He started testing within his party the method of dividing and weakening the opposition force, which helped him to achieve breathtaking results and seize the power. The reason is that since 2000 the major state power was in his hands and no significant opposition was in place. So, in order to strengthen further his authority and position within the party he started breaking them up into small groups, helping them out, when they lost in the fight, but suppressing the winners to keep them not only meek and well-behaved, but also obedient. He tried it again and again, so it must have been successful.
M. Enhbold becoming a Prime Minister and then resigning, Hurelsuh being praised and then rebuked, youth organizations, hating each other, although all were the same party members – it was all a result of his activities to “strengthen his reputation and influence”, “chastise”, “let understand their limits”, “start a competition to suck up to the master”. However, at a certain point “puppets of all countries” started uniting. As they looked around, they had one problem between themselves. The source of the trouble was one and the same, so they had no other choice as to eliminate the cause of the problem together. As one grumpy philosopher said blatantly “A major cause for friendship is not amity between the parties, but a common enemy”.
Now it is like he did. The method that was used to build and strengthen further the wall of his ownership now became the cause for its fall. The solid friendship between the President Ts. Elbegdorj, Deputy Prime Minister M. Enhbold, the ex-leader of MPRP S. Bayar, who have myriad reasons to be hostile towards each other, is forged in fact by N. Enhbayar. As they started making concessions to each other saying “It does not matter if YOU become the boss as long as Enhbayar does not come into power”, the state machine started running smoothly.
It is not likely that the MPRP conspired against its own candidate, as Enhbayar suggests. It might be nearer to the truth if we suggested that there was no plot to make him win, election was not rigged and was just left to its natural course. Since the present leaders of MPRP, who are fed up with being his puppets, feared that he might team up with the Democratic Party and ruin them, they rushed to become allies with the Democrats and invited them to the government. The Democratic Party as well must have been cautious that “he” might return, so chose to reconcile with S. Bayar, M. Enhbold, Hurelsuh and others, who confront him. As a result of all this, the opposing political forces have extraordinary unity. A coalition government was established. Such problems as Oyu Tolgoi, Tavantolgoi, which were previously an apple of discord, were resolved in a peaceful way. As there is a fear of breaking the peace if ruthless arguments start, exacerbation of controversial problems is avoided at any cost. When street demonstrations break up, words “Enhbayar is behind them” shuts them up and they have no other way as to take the side of the state, and the coalition government.
It is now two years since the MPRP and DP started their cooperation in ruling the state. In truth, it is long enough for the Mongols to forget why they had united. But from time to time N. Enhbayar appears shouting that he wanted to finish the work he started, to break down the wall etc., which reminds the others that “the Tangut kingdom stills exists in the South”. So the others reinforce their unity. The reason for Mongols being united today and being strong thanks to their unity is just that. N. Enhbayar first put forward an aphorism that “Mongols are strong when they are united”. He was certainly right.